Healthy plants can only

grow in healthy soils.

Preserving fertility


Soil is a living organism. The solid and limited surface of the Earth is the habitat of countless organisms and offers stability for the roots of the plants. Soil is the fundamental basis for food production. In the future, the global surface can only produce enough food for all human beings if we preserve its fertility, avoid erosion and enable an adequate water storage capacity.


Vital soils


Each feddan cultivated by SEKEM has to be turned from desert land into vital soil. Today, the top layer of SEKEMs first farm soils (varying between 0 to 30 cm in depth) is rich of organic matter and a broad spectrum of microbiological life; a main requirement for an increased water holding capacity. Furthermore, the microorganisms are essential to make nutrients such as potassium, phosphate or nitrogen available to plants. For creating this vitality in the soils, three techniques help us: First, the application of compost, compost tea and other organic fertilizers, second, the rotation of crops and, third, the use of Biodynamic preparations.


Compost as organic fertilizer


To build-up the first organic matter in empty desert soils, we use compost that we produce at our own premises (see below). The continuous treatment of the field with compost tea (a mixture of compost with molasses and water aerated for 16 hours) maintains and accelerates the activity of the microorganisms in the compost. In some cases, we have to add further organic fertilizers.


Find out how we control pests organically


Crop rotation creates vitality


By rotating nitrogen consuming with nitrogen enriching crops like legumes, we prevent the depletion of soils. Instead, the roots of e.g. clover and beans built more organic matter. In general, we plan to always cover at least 20% of the cultivated area of a farm with legumes and at least every fifth season in the same plot or green house.


Find out more about SEKEMs plants


Biodynamic preparations


A distinctive difference to other organic agriculture methods is the use of eight Biodynamic preparations in the cultivation. SEKEM uses horn manure (cow manure filled into cow horns and buried in our soils during winter) and horn silica (silica filled into cow horns and buried in our soils during summer). Both are sprayed on the field. For the compost, SEKEM uses six different medicinal plants prepared in a special way by building a connection to cosmic powers that vitalizes the plants. All preparations function as fertilizers.


What is Biodynamic?

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